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The cash drawer is one of the oldest representatives of POS equipment. Cash registers, fiscal registrars (FR), barcode scanners, POS-terminals - all these constant attributes of a modern cash place appeared in the shops and stores quite recently, in the XX century, even the cash register appeared a little earlier - in the 80s of the XIX century . But the cash drawer appeared much earlier, and so long ago that the exact time of its invention and first use was not known for certain. The cash box stores the money received, money for goods and services, money, the multiplication of which is the essence of trade!
Before the invention of the cash register, the cash drawer was for a long time the only equipment at the cash desk, and the only primitive tool for recording revenue from trading - it was by the size of cash in the cash drawer that the merchant understood his own revenue, wrote it in a book, and thus kept his primitive bookkeeping .
As soon as the cash register appeared, the cash drawer became its integral part. An integral part - in the literal sense of the word. Most cash registers, at least before the widespread use of fiscal registrars, had built-in (integrated into the case) cash drawers.
Significant moment in the design of the modern cash drawer was the brilliant decision of John Patterson (the founder of NCR, in the past - National Cash Register Company) to make the opening of the cash drawer (built into the cash register) automatic and equip it with a bell that signaled the opening of the cash drawer. Such a simple invention reduced the number of cash thefts by buyers and (most often) by hired cashiers, as the manager heard the call and could check at any time that the buyer and the cashier were calculating correctly. This invention was made at the end of the XIX century and became the standard for many decades.
And what about today? Modern cash drawers largely repeat the functionality of their ancestors: a case with a drawer, divided into compartments; Castle; possibility of automatic opening; however, the sound alarm has ceased to be relevant. And of course, modern cash drawers are no longer made of wood, but made of metal.
Modern cash boxes can be classified by form factor, method of opening, connection interfaces. By form factor cash drawers are:
Cash drawer built into cash boxes (another common name is vertical cash drawer). It has a standard dimension of 460 x 170 x 100 mm and a lid that automatically leans up on the command of the PPO. Widely used in shops and supermarkets. The built-in box has a special lid in the set, which fixes a removable coin box with cash - this is done for convenient cash collection.
Standard horizontal cash drawer - has a standard size (length and width) of 400-420 mm with a height of 100 mm. A typical standard cash drawer model is the HPS 16S. A standard horizontal cash drawer usually has five banknote compartments.
Standard compact horizontal cash drawer - has a standard dimension (length and width) 330-360 mm with a height of 100 mm. A typical model of a standard compact cash drawer - HPS 13S. A standard horizontal cash drawer usually has no more than four banknote compartments.
Increased cash drawer is not standard, because Most often, a standard cash drawer is sufficient for conveniently storing money. But in some cases, the use of a large cash box is a must. For example, if the bills are large, or the five compartments for bills are small, or the cash flow at the checkout is so large that banknotes do not fit in a standard box. An example of a large cash drawer is HPC 18S. It has wide compartments for banknotes, the ability to organize two additional compartments for banknotes (5 + additional 2) and a large height (dimensions - 440 x 460 x 110 mm).
By way of opening:
Cash drawers with automatic opening on command from the PPO (cash register or fiscal registrar). The cash drawer automatically leaves when you receive a command from the cash register. The electric lock (selenoid) of the cash drawer is energized (6V, 9V, 12V, 24V - depending on the PPO model). Accordingly, it is necessary to select the box, taking into account the voltage that your PPO delivers to the box.
Manually open cash drawers are used if you are not using a PPO, but you need a convenient cash drawer for storing revenue. For example, for SPDs of Group I (B), engaged in trade and not legally required to have PPO, such a box will be a convenient and reliable store of money. The box can be locked with a key if the seller leaves the workplace, and if the seller is on the spot and is trading, the box opens by pressing the front side of the drawer: clicked - the drawer has completely left. To close, you just need to push the drawer - it will shut. Original opening-closing mechanism